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Expressive Arts Therapies


Art Therapy

Brooker, M. R. (2015). Focusing and art as ways to explore the implicit and non-verbal aspects of women's abortion experiences. Outskirts Online Journal (32), pp. 1-14.

Ikemi, A., Yano, K., Miyake, M, & Matsuoka, S. (2007). Experiential Collage Work: Exploring Meaning in Collage from a Focusing-Oriented Perspective in Journal of Japanese Clinical Psychology 25(4):464-475.

Leijssen, M.(1992). Experiential focusing through drawingThe Folio, Fall 1992

Merkur, B. (1997). Focusing-Using-Art With AdolescentsThe Folio. Vol 16, No. 1-2, pp. 51-54

Rappaport, L. (2015).  Focusing-Oriented Expressive Arts Therapies and Mindfulness with Children and Adolescents with Trauma. In C.  Malchiodi, (Ed.) Creative interventions with traumatized children, 2nd edition.  New York: Guilford Press.

Rappaport, L. (2014). Focusing-Oriented Expressive Arts Therapy: Cultivating Mindfulness and Compassion, and Accessing Inner Wisdom. In L. Rappaport. (Ed.), Mindfulness and the arts therapies: Theory and practice. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Rappaport, L. (2013). Focusing-oriented art therapy with people who have chronic illnesses.  In C. Malchiodi (Ed.). Art therapy and healthcare. New York: Guilford Press.

Rappaport, L. (2009). Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy: Accessing the Body's Wisdom and Creative Intelligence. London & PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Rappaport, L. (2008). Focusing-Oriented Art TherapyThe Folio, Vol. 21, No.1, pp.139-155.

Rappaport, L. (1988). Focusing and Art TherapyThe Focusing Connection, Vol. V, No. 3, May, 1988.

Rappaport, L. (2006). Focusing and Art Therapy: Bridging Inner and Outer Experiences of Creativity.  The International Focusing Institute Newsletter, Vol. Vi, No. 3, Sep, 2006

Rappaport, L. (2006). Clearing A Space: Expressing the Wholeness Within Using Art.  

Rappaport, L. (1998). Focusing and art therapy: tools for working through post- traumatic stress disorderA Journal for Focusing and Experiential Therapy,17 (1), 36-40.

Rappaport, L. (1993). Focusing with art and creative movement: a method for stress managementThe Focusing Connection, X(2),1-3

Rappaport, L.  (2013). Trusting the felt sense in art-based research. In S. McNiff, (Ed.) Art as research: Opportunities and challenges. Bristol, UK: Intellect Publishers.

Santen, B. (2007). Into the Fear Factory: Treating Children of Trauma with Body MapsThe Folio, Vol. 20, No.1, pp.60-78.

Stapert, M. and Verliefde, E. (2008). Focusing with Children - The art of communicating with children at school and at home. Ross-On-Wye, UK: PCCS Books.

Thurow, A.J. Interactional Squiggle drawings with children: An illustration of the therapeutic change process.

Tsuchie, S. (2003). Our Internal WeatherThe International Focusing Institute Newsletter, Vol 3, No.1.

Weiner, E. T. & Rappaport, L. (2014). Mindfulness and Focusing-Oriented Arts Therapy with Children and Adolescents.  In L. Rappaport,  (Ed.), Mindfulness and the arts therapies: Theory and practice. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Yuba, N. and Murayama, Sh. (1988).  Clearing a Space with Drawing in Play TherapyThe Focusing Folio, Vol.7,  No.1, 1988

Expressive Arts/Art Therapy Dissertations

Chidanand, R. (2014). A Quantitative Study Exploring the Effects of Focusing-Oriented Arts Therapy - Internet Protocol (FOAT-IP) on stress, anxiety, depression, and positive states of mind in South Asian women. 

Expressive Arts/Art Therapy Theses

Castalia, A. (2010). The Effect and Experience of Clearing a Space with Art on Stress Reduction in Sign Language Interpreters.

Cooney, A. (    ). An Investigation of the Role of the Felt Sense in Art Therapy.

Findley, E. (2013). Focusing-Oriented Interventions to Reduce Suicidality in Caucasian Middle-Aged-Men: A Program Design. Unpublished thesis: Philips Graduate Institute.

Lee, H. (2011).  Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy and Bookmaking to Promote Resiliency of Children Living in a Homeless Shelter.

McGrath, J. (2013). The Effects of Clearing a Space with Art on Women with Chronic Pain.

Weiland, L. (2012). Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy as a Means of Stress Reduction with Graduate Students

Expressive Arts/Art Therapy Grants

Colle, S. (2013).  Using Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy to Form Secure Attachments

Lariviére, Marise (2011). Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Control Study to Enhance Quality of Life 

Weiner, E. (2012). A Mindful Art Program: Using Mindfulness and Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy with Children and Adolescents to Decrease Stress and Increase Self-Compassion


Groddeck, N. Focusing und Kunsttherapie


Leijssen, Mia. Focusing experiencial a través del dibujo. Experiential Focusing Through Drawing. The Folio: A Journal for Focusing and Experiential Therapy,Volume 11, Nº3, 1992, pp. 35-40. Traducción: Denisse Domínguez Cortés. Revisión: Luis Robles Campos.

Movement and Dance Therapy

(For additional information, visit the Movement and Body page)

Chutroo, B. Meet Your Body - Bringing Authentic Movement to Focusing.

Writing and Poetry Therapy

Finch, M. Focusing and the Making of a Poem. The Focusing Folio, Vol. 5, No.3, 88-95

Klein, J., Psy.D. Chapter Two: I Have Ears inside My Stomach, Inside-Me Stories "Something is Happening Inside-Me!" Teacher's combined edition. Volume One: Grades 3-5 and Volume Two: Grades 1-2. The INside-People Press, 1998 (Revised Feb. 2000).

Composing Guidelines by Sondra Perl, professor of English at Herbert Lehmann College and founder of the New York City Writing Project. Felt Sense: Writing in the Body

Smith, D. Writing the River: Experiential Journaling

Drama Therapy, Psychodrama, and Theater

Seibel, M. (2003). The Theatre And Focusing: A Double ProcessThe International Focusing Institute Newsletter.

Wislesky, J. (2007).  From Fear To Freedom - How Creative Alternatives Theatre Can Help Overcome Self-stigmatizationThe Folio, Vol. 20, No.1, pp.122-129

Integrated Expressive Arts Therapy

Klagsbrun,J., Rappaport, L. Marcow-Speiser,,V. Post, P., Stepakoff, S. Karman, S. (2005). Focusing and Expressive Arts Therapy as a Complementary Treatment for Women with Breast Cancer in Journal of Creativity and Mental Health. Vol. 1, No.1, 107-137.

Play Therapy
(Also visit the Focusing and Children page.)

Marder, D. (1997). Sarah: Focusing and Play Therapy with a 6 year Old GirlThe Focusing Folio, Vol. 16, Nos. 1-2, 75-80.

Marder, D. (1988). Rainbows and Dinosaurs: Focusing on Positive Qualities of a Child The Focusing Connection, Vol.V, No.4

Neagu, G. (1986). Focusing and Play TherapyThe Focusing Folio, Vol.5, nr.2

Articles by Eugene Gendlin on Creativity and Imagery

Gendlin, E.T. (1980). Imagery is more powerful with focusing: Theory and practice. In J.E. Shorr, G.E. Sobel, P. Robin, J.A. Connella (Eds.), Imagery. Its many dimensions and applications, pp. 65-73. New York/London: Plenum Press.

Gendlin, E.T. (1981). Focusing and the development of creativityThe Focusing Folio, 1(1), 13-16.


Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy:  Accessing the Body's Wisdom and Creative Intelligence by Laury Rappaport, Ph.D., ATR-BC

Focusing with Children - The art of communicating with children at school and at home by Marta Stapert and Erik Verliefde